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The World Wide Web portal for the study of
Cyrillic and Glagolitic manuscripts and early printed books

Developed by: The Special Commission on the Computer-Supported Processing of Mediæval Slavonic Manuscripts and Early Printed Books to the International Committee of Slavists

Curator: Ralph Cleminson


Last modified: 2017-02-13

Copyright: © 2008-17 by the Special Commission. All rights reserved.

About this site

At the First International Conference on the Application of Computer Technology to the Study of Mediæval Slavonic Manuscripts, held at Blagoevgrad, 24th–29th July 1995, it was decided to facilitate the exchange of information on this subject and related ones by means of a page on the World Wide Web. Subsequently the International Commission on Computer Supported Processing of Mediæval Slavonic Manuscripts and Early Printed Books, which was set up at the Twelfth International Congress of Slavists in Cracow in 1998, adopted the page. The page is very much dependent on the scholarly community for its content, and we appeal to organisers for information about web resources, events, and other relevent items which it would be appropriate to include. We also invite authors of electronic texts or of tools for the manipulation of textual data that would be interest to the Slavonic mediævalist to place them on this site.



Some wider issues of text encoding are covered in the following pages:

Slavonic Projects and Resources

There are pages devoted to cyrillic and glagolitic in Croatia by Darko Žubrinić, which include biblographical information (from 1975) and links to facsimiles of Croatian glagolitic books, manuscript and printed.

The Текстология.ru site includes a quantity of material of interest to the mediævalist.

The Inventory of Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Digital Projects is not primarily a mediæval resource, but includes mediæval material.

The Hilandar Research Library and the Resource Center for Medieval Slavic Studies at the Ohio State University are well known for their contribution to Slavonic Manuscript Studies.

The Repertorium of Old Bulgarian Literature and Letters, directed by Anisava Miltenova in Sofia.

The project for digital description of cyrillic manuscripts and early-printed books in Sweden co-ordinated by Antoaneta Granberg at Göteborg.

The SLOVO Project promotes collaboration between Central and South-Eastern Europe in the study of Slavonic written language and culture, monastic heritage, and other fields.

The Christian Hagiology and Pagan Beliefs Project studies Balkan religious culture and folklore on the basis of written sources.

The Izbornyk site is mostly concerned with Ukrainian history, but includes some facsimiles of early-printed books (under the heading Граматики та лексикони) and literature about them.

The Encyclopædia Slavica Sanctorum is a growing compendium of information about saints within Slavonic culture and hagiographical texts.

Versiones Slavicæ aims to elaborate a freely accessible Internet-based electronic catalogue of mediæval Slavic translations and their corresponding Byzantine sources.

Electronic Texts

There is an increasing number of electronic texts of interest to the Slavist.

A Corpus Cyrillo-Methodianum Helsingiense of Old Church Slavonic texts in electronic form is being prepared at Helsinki.

A number of documents have now been made available on the web by Jos Schaeken, viz

There are now two editions of the Freising Fragments on the web. One is a transcription which has been put on the web together with two Old Polish texts, various Old Prussian documents and an impressive list of publications in historical linguistics by Professor Frederik Kortlandt. The other, edited and encoded by Matija Ogrin and Tomaž Erjavec, is part of an entire site devoted to the Fragments as part of the project for Scholarly Digital Editions of Slovenian Literature.

These documents, and a growing number of others, are incorporated in TITUS (Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien).

The Codex Suprasliensis Project has provided on-line digital images of the manuscript with a transcription of the Slavonic and parallel text in Greek, and is working towards further digital resources for its study.

A small body of mediæval Serbian legal texts in facsimile and transcription is among the resources provided by the Monumenta Serbica site.

The Sofia-Trondheim Corpus includes transcriptions of eleventh-century manuscripts in pdf format.

The Manuscript project, directed by Viktor Baranov in Iževsk, is working on encoding early Russian texts.

The Budapest Glagolitic Fragments, first encoded using SGML in 2001, and as far as I know, the first glagolitic web publication, are now also available in XML and HTML editions.

The e-PVL is an electronic critical edition of the Повѣсть временныхъ лѣтъ by David Birnbaum.

The National Library of the Ukraine has provided digital facsimiles of 39 Cyrillic printed books ranging in date from 1491 to 1825 and including books printed by Schweipolt Fiol, Francysk Skaryna and Ivan Fedorov. They do not appear to be listed on the site in any particular order.

Sebastian Kempgen’s Kodeks page includes links to a number of facsimiles, including the Kiev Missal, the Miroslav Gospels, and the 1495 printed Centinje Psalter.

An electronic edition of the Slavonic Synaxarion (Прологъ) is being prepared by a team led by L.V. Prokopenko and V.B. Krys’ko. Material is being added to the site as it is ready.

The Санкт-Петербургский Корпус Агиографических Текстов offers a growing number of mediaeval lives of Russian saints, available in both pdf and xml format. The latter uses a modification of the TEI DTD and, while it now appears to be Unicode-conformant, it makes use of a number of characters from the PUA.

Ditital facsimiles of some Muscovite early-printed books, and some later Old Believer editions, are provided on the Sobornik site.

The Библиотека Фронтистеса site includes links to some of the above, and also electronic transcriptions of published editions of some other manuscripts.

Current Affairs

At the Sixteenth International Congress of Slavists, which will take place in Begrade on 20th–27th August 2081, the Commission will present a thematic block on the subject “Mediaeval Slavonic Studies and Recent Developments in Digital Humanities”. The papers to be presented at the block will be pre-published in electronic form on this site.

Several further Cyrillic characters have been included in the Unicode standard in recent years. The Commission may be able to offer some technical advice on the preparation of future proposals; in any case it is strongly recommended that before any proposal is initiated it should be referred to the Working Group so that consensus may be achieved both on the need for a particular character and its suitability under the Unicode criteria.

Digitised Manuscripts and Catalogues

There is an excellent online catalogue of Rumanian printed books of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: not yet fully comprehensive, but already a very useful resource, and also with links to a number of Rumanian research libraries.

The University Library in Ljubljana provides descriptions and facsimiles of the thirty-four manuscripts in the collection of Jernej Kopitar (1780-1844). We also have a handlist of 16th-century cyrillic printed books, many also from Kopitar’s collection, in the library, prepared by Ines Jerele.

The Holy Trinity St Sergius Lavra provides descriptions and facsimiles of its manuscript collection, and of an ever-increasing number of other collections in the Russian State Library, together with the Library’s collection of early-printed books, some archival materials, and a few catalogues.

The National and University Library in Skopje provides descriptions and facsimiles of its manuscripts.

Цифровая библиотека "Книжные памятники Сибири" includes digital images of manuscripts (including the collection of M.N.Tichomirov), five books printed by Ivan Fedorov, and also some Old Believer and modern material.

The Рукописные памятники Древней Руси site has now expanded to include not only the Novgorod Birch-Bark Letters in reproduction and transcription, but also digitised editions of Russian Chronicles and a small but growing number of digitised editions of Russian Manuscripts.

The National Library of Serbia has made available digital images from some of its manuscripts and early-printed books. They are, unfortunately, not digitised in their entirety: only a few images are given for each item.

The Digital Library of the National Library of Bulgaria includes a large selection of manuscripts, especially those of interest for their ornamentation. This site requires the DocuWare reader, which may be downloaded free from the manufacturers.


On-line glossaries of Old Church Slavonic, Old Russian and Modern Russian by Oscar E. Swan, digitised by David Birnbaum. It is recommended to read the introductory page before using it.


Sorin Paliga’s resources for editing Old Slavonic (and other) texts.

A searchable version of Miklosich’s Lexicon Palaeoslovenico-Graeco-Latinum.

Our own Resources Page contains fonts, XSLT scripts, etc. that may be of use to researchers working with mediæval Slavonic texts. Authors of such resources are invited to host them here.

Electronic publications